France: Orange Launches Two Early Transit-Ticketing Tests Using SIMs
Orange held a quiet transit-ticketing test using a prototype NFC phone as well as one with a SIM card featuring both contact and contactless interfaces supplied by German card vendor Giesecke & Devrient. The SIM came with its own antenna, embedded in a separate card that fits into another specially-outfitted slot.
Orange competitor Bouygues also held a test with Paris-area transit operators. The early tests preceded committees the French operators have set up to coordinate possible rollouts of NFC.
* Trusted Service Manager: Defined loosely to include companies or other organizations securely distributing, provisioning and managing applications, generally over the air, on secure elements in NFC mobile phones; or licensing their platforms for this purpose.
N/A: Not available or not applicable.